Susan J. Kemper

College of Liberal Arts and Sciences - Psychology, Life Span Institute
Roy A. Roberts Distinguished Professor
Primary office:
785-864-9826
Fraser Hall
Room 526
University of Kansas
1415 Jayhawk Boulevard
Lawrence, KS 66045-7556
Second office:
785-864-4130
Dole Human Development Center
Room 3090



Older adults need to communicate with their families, friends, and neighbors, with their lawyers and physicians, through face-to-face interaction and over telephones, the Internet and other devices. Communication is essential if older adults are to maintain intergenerational ties, solicit assistance with daily living activities, fulfill life-long learning goals, or gain access to health and legal information from print, broadcast, or electronic media. I investigate how aging affects older adult’s communication abilities in a wide range of tasks and situations. I have also looked at what I call "elderspeak" – that odd way many younger adults have of addressing older adults using baby talk. Elderspeak is intended to help older adults but many find it patronizing and insulting. These studies, as well as studies of older adults with Alzheimer’s dementia and Parkinson’s disease, have helped us understand how cognitive and sensory changes affect older adults’ ability to communicate. They have also lead to the development of effectiveness interventions and strategies to reduce communication barriers to help older adults’ maintain their independence and autonomy.

Teaching Interests

  • Psycholinguistics
  • Developmental psycholinguistics
  • Psychology of aging
  • Cognitive aging
  • Language and aging
  • Life-span development
  • Professional issues and responsible conduct of science

Research

My "The Language Across the Lifespan Project" addresses how aging affects the processing of spoken and written language and includes comparative studies of healthy older adults and adults with Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson’s disease. My research ranges from studies of how aging affects language production and comprehension to studies of how to enhance older adults' comprehension through "elderspeak," a set of special speech modifications intended for older adults. I use eye-tracking technology to compare reading patterns of younger and older adults in order to understand how aging affects the skilled reading, particularly the ability to ignore distractions and the ability to understand complex and ambiguous sentences. I also use dual task procedures to assess the effects of aging on divided attention, including the ability to maintain a conversation while performing simple motor tasks.

Research Interests

  • Psycholinguistic processes
  • Developmental and geriatric psycholinguistics
  • Health literacy

Selected Publications

Kemper, S., & Altmann, L. (in press). Dementia and Language. In . (Ed.), Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology.

Kemper, S., & Schmalzried, R. (2015). Aging and message production and processing. In W. Donsbach (Ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Communication OnLine.

Kemper, S. (2015). Aging and message production and processing. In W. Donsbach (Ed.), Concise Encyclopedia of Communication.

Kemper, S. (2015). Case study: My advisor stole my thesis. In J. Sternberg & S. Fiske (Eds.), Ethical Challenges in the Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Kemper, S. (2015). Language in late life. In A. Gerstenberg & A. Voeste (Eds.), Language Development: The Lifespan Perspective.

Kemper, S. (2015). Language production. In S. K Whitbourne (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Adulthood and Aging. New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

Kapa, L., & Kemper, S. (2014). Commentary on "Moving toward a neuroplasticity view bilingualism, executive control, and aging". Applied Psycholinguistics Applied Psycholinguisitics, 35, 912-916.

Kemper, S., Bontempo, D., Herman, R., McKedy, W., Schmalzried, R., Tagliaferri, B., & Kieweg, D. (2014). Tracking Reading: Dual Task Costs of Oral Reading for Young Versus Older Adults
. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research [00906905], 43(1), 59-80. DOI:10.1007/S10936-013-9240-Z

Kemper, S., & Rozek, E. (2013). Communication disorders and aging. In J. Wilmoth & K. Ferraro (Eds.), Gerontology(4th ed.). New York: Springer.

Kemper, S. (2013). Gendering the psychology of aging. In M. K. Ryan & N. R. Branscombe (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Gender and Psychology. New York: Sage.

Kemper, S. (2013). What does it mean? In White Paper on Planning for Research Excellence in the Era of Analytics. Lawrence, KS: Merrill Retreat on the Research Mission of Public Universities.

Kemper, S. (2012). The interaction of linguistic constraints, working memory, and aging on language production and comprehension. In M. Naveh-Benjamin & N. Ohta (Eds.), Memory and Aging.

Rozek, E., Kemper, S., & McDowd, J. (2012). Learning to ignore distracters. Psychology and Aging, 27, 61‐66.

Kemper, S. (2011). The effects of aging on language and communication. In R. Peach & L. Shapiro (Eds.), Cognition and Acquired Language Disorders: A process‐oriented approach. San Diego: Elsevier.

Pohl, P., Kemper, S., Siengsukon, C., Boyd, L., Vidoni, E., & Herman, R. (2011). Dual task demands of hand movements in adults with stroke. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, May‐June.

Pohl, P. S., Kemper, S., Siengsukon, C. F., Boyd, L., Vidoni, E., & Herman, R. E. (2011). Older adults with and without stroke reduce cadence to meet the demands of talking. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, 34, 35‐40.

Kemper, S., Schmalzried, R., Herman, R., & Mohankumar, D. (2011). The effects of varying task priorities on language production by young and older adults. Experimental Aging Research, 37, 198‐219.

Kemper, S., Hoffman, L., Schmalzried, R., Herman, R., & Kieweg, D. (2011). Tracking talking: Dual task costs of planning and producing speech for young versus older adults. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 18, 257‐279.

McDowd, J., Hoffman, L., Rozek, E., Lyons, K., Pahwa, R., Burns, J., & Kemper, S. (2011). Understanding verbal fluency in healthy aging, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease. Neuropsychologia, 25, 210‐225.

Kemper, S. (2010). Growing sage. In White Paper on Sustaining and Enhancing the Research Mission of Public Universities. Lawrence, KS: Merrill Retreat on the Research Mission of Public Universities.

Kemper, S., Schmalzried, R., Hoffman, L., & Herman, R. (2010). Aging and the vulnerability of speech to dual task demands. Psychology and Aging, 25, 949‐96.

Williams, K., & Kemper, S. (2010). Exploring interventions to reduce cognitive decline in aging. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing, 48, 42‐51.

Kemper, S., Bontempo, D., McKedy, W., Schmalzried, R., Tagliaferri, B., & Kieweg, D. (2010). Tracking sentence planning and production. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Science, 66, 160‐168.

Kemper, S. (2010). Older professors: Fewer, and better, than you think. A Point of View commentary in the Chronicle of Higher Education

Kemper, S. (2009). The role of working memory in language development over the life span. In K. de Bot, S. Makoni, & R. Schrauf (Eds.), Language Development over the Life Span. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Liu, C., Kemper, S., & Bovaird, J. (2009). Comprehension of health‐related written materials by older adults. Educational Gerontology, 35, 653‐668.

Kemper, S., Schmalzried, R., Herman, R., Leedahl, S., & Mohankumar, D. (2009). The effects of aging and dual task performance on language production. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 16, 241‐259.

Liu, C. J., Kemper, S., & McDowd, J. (2009). The use of illustrations to improve older adults’ comprehension of health‐related information: Is it helpful? Patient Education and Counseling, 76, 283‐288.

Kemper, S., & Schmalzried, R. (2008). Aging and message production and processing. In W. Donsbach (Ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Communication. Oxford: Blackwell.

Kemper, S., & Altmann, J. P. (2008). Dementia and language. In P. R. Hof & C. V. Mobbs (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Neuroscience of Aging. San Diego: Elsevier.

Altmann, L., & Kemper, S. (2008). Dementia and language. In L. Squires, T. Albright, F. Bloom, F. Gage, & N. Spitzer (Eds.), New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Oxford: Elsevier.

Kemper, S., & McDowd, J. (2008). Dimensions of cognitive aging: Executive function and verbal fluency. In S. M. Hofer & D. F. Alwin (Eds.), Handbook of Cognitive Aging: Interdisciplinary perspectives. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Brown, C., Snodgrass, T., Kemper, S., Herman, R., & Covington, M. (2008). Automatic measurement of propositional idea density from part‐of‐speech tagging. Behavioral Research Methods, 40, 540‐545.

Kemper, S., McDowd, J., Metcalf, K., & Liu, C. J. (2008). Young and older adults’ reading of distracters. Educational Gerontology, 34, 489‐502.

Kemper, S., & Liu, C. J. (2007). Eye movements of young and older adults during reading. Psychology and Aging, 22, 84‐94.

Kemper, S. (2006). Language in adulthood. In E. Bialystok & I. M. Craik (Eds.), Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kemper, S. (2006). Language production. In R. Schultz (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Aging(4th ed.). New York: Springer Publishing.

Kemper, S., & Herman, R. (2006). Age differences in memory load interference effects in syntactic processing. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 61B, P327‐323.

Altmann, L. J., & Kemper, S. (2006). Effects of age, animacy, and order of activation on sentence production. Language and Cognitive Processes, 21, 322‐354.

Kemper, S., & McDowd, J. (2006). Eye movements of young and older adults while reading with distraction. Psychology and Aging, 21, 32‐39.

Kemper, S., McDowd, J., Pohl, P., Herman, R., & Jackson, S. (2006). Revealing language deficits following stroke: The cost of doing two things at once. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 13, 115‐139.

O’Hanlon, L., Kemper, S., & Wilcox, K. A. (2005). Aging, encoding, and word retrieval: Distinguishing phonological and memory processes. Experimental Aging Research, 31, 149‐171.

Kemper, S., Herman, R. E., & Nartowicz, J. (2005). Different effects of dual task demands on the speech of young and older adults. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 12, 340‐358.

Williams, K., Kemper, S., & Hummert, M. L. (2005). Enhancing communication with older adults: Overcoming elderspeak. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing, 43, 2‐6.

Kemper, S. (2005). [Review of Handbook of Communication and Aging (2nd ed.), by J. Nussbaum & J. Coupland (Eds.)]. Contemporary Gerontology, 11, 123-124.

Kemper, S., & Lacal, J. C. (2004). Addressing the communication needs of an aging society. In R. W. Pew & S. B. Van Hemel (Eds.), Technology for Adaptive Aging. Washington, DC: National Research Council.

Kemper, S. (2004). Age and language. In P. Strazny (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.

Williams, K., Kemper, S., & Hummert, M. L. (2004). Enhancing communication with older adults: Overcoming elderspeak. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 17–25.

Kemper, S., Crow, A., & Kemtes, K. (2004). Eye fixation patterns of high and low span young and older adults: Down the garden path and back again. Psychology and Aging, 19, 157‐170.

Kemper, S., Herman, R. E., & Liu, C. J. (2004). Sentence production by younger and older adults in controlled contexts. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 58B, P220‐P224.

Humphrey, H., Radel, J. S., & Kemper, S. (2004). The time course of metonymic language text processing by older and younger adults. Experimental Aging Research, 30, 75‐90.

Kemper, S., Herman, R., & Lian, C. (2003). Age differences in sentence production. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Science, 58, 260‐269.

Williams, K., Kemper, S., & Hummert, M. L. (2003). Improving nursing home communication: An intervention to reduce elderspeak. The Gerontologist, 43, 243‐248.

Mitzner, T., & Kemper, S. (2003). Oral and written language in late adulthood: Findings from the Nun Study. Experimental Aging Research, 29, 457‐474.

Kemper, S., Herman, R. E., & Lian, H. T. (2003). The costs of doing two things at once for young and older adults: Talking while walking, finger tapping, and ignoring speech or noise. Psychology and Aging, 18, 181‐192.

Williams, K., Holmes, F., Kemper, S., & Marquis, J. (2003). Written language clues to dementia: An analysis of the letters of King James VI/I. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 53, P42‐P44.

Kemper, S., & Herman, R. (2002). Language comprehension. In D. J. Ekerdt (Ed.), Macmillan Encyclopedia of Aging. New York: Macmillan.

Kemper, S., & Mitzner, T. (2001). Language production and comprehension. In J. E. Birren & K. W. Schaie (Eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging(5th ed.). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Kemper, S., & O'Hanlon, L. (2001). Semantic processing problems of older adults. In K. Bryan & J. Maxim (Eds.), Semantic processing: Theory and practice. London: Whurr Publishers.

Kemper, S. (2001). A passion for reputation, a taste for originality. In White Paper on Evaluating Research Productivity. Lawrence, KS: Merrill Retreat on the Research Mission of Public Universities.

O’Hanlon, L., Wilcox, K., & Kemper, S. (2001). Age differences in implicit and explicit associative memory: Exploring elaborative processing effects. Experimental Aging Research, 27, 341‐360.

Kemper, S., & Kemtes, K. A. (2001). Cognitive construct measurement in small samples of young and older adults: An example of verbal working memory. Experimental Aging Research, 27, 167‐180.

Kemper, S., Greiner, L., Marquis, J., Prenovost, K., & Mitzner, T. (2001). Language decline across the life span: Findings from the Nun Study. Psychology and Aging, 16, 227‐239.

Kemper, S., Thompson, M., & Marquis, J. (2001). Longitudinal change in language production: Effects of aging and dementia on grammatical complexity and propositional content. Psychology and Aging, 16, 600‐614.

Kemper, S., & Sumner, A. (2001). The structure of verbal abilities in young and older adults. Psychology and Aging, 16, 312‐322.

Kemper, S., & Kemtes, K. A. (2000). Aging and message production and comprehension. In D. Park & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Aging and Cognition: A Student Primer(2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.

Kemper, S. (2000). Language production. In G. Maddox (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Aging(3rd ed.). New York: Springer Publishing.

Kemper, S. (2000). Over-and under-accommodations to aging. In N. Charness, D. C. Parks, & B. A. Sabel (Eds.), Communication, Technology, and Aging. Doylestown, PA: Springer.

Kemper, S., & Kliegl, R. (2000). Sprachdefizite bei Alzheimerscher Krankheit. In H. Grimm (Ed.), Sprachentwicklung Band CIII der Enzyklopädie der Psychologie. Stuttgard: Hogrefe.

Kliegl, R., & Kemper, S. (2000). Sprachproduktion und Sprachverstehen im Alter. In H. Grimm (Hrsg.) (Ed.), Sprachentwicklung Band CIII der Enzyklopädie der Psychologie. Stuttgard: Hogrefe.

Kemper, S., & Cheung, H. (2000). A phonological account for the cross‐language variation in working memory processing. Psychological Record, 50, 373‐386.

Small, J. A., Kemper, S., & Lyons, K. (2000). Sentence repetition and processing resources in Alzheimer's disease. Brain and Language, 75, 232‐258.

Kemper, S., & Kemtes, K. A. (1999). Aging and message production and comprehension. In D. Park & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Aging and Cognition: A Student Primer. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.

Kliegl, R., & Kemper, S. (1999). Concluding observations. In S. Kemper & R. Kliegl (Eds.), Constraints on Language: Aging, Grammar, and Memory. Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic.

Snowdon, D. A., Greiner, L. A., Kemper, S. J., Nanayakkara, N., & Mortimer, J. A. (1999). Linguistic ability in early life and longevity: Findings from the Nun Study. In J. M. Robine, B. Forette, C. Franchesci, & M. Allard (Eds.), The Paradoxes of Longevity. Amsterdam: Springer.

Kemper, S. (1999). Preface. In S. Kemper & R. Kliegl (Eds.), Constraints on Language: Aging, Grammar, and Memory. Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic.

Kemper, S., & Kemtes, K. A. (1999). Working memory limitations on syntactic processing. In S. Kemper & R. Kliegl (Eds.), Constraints on Language: Aging, Grammar, and Memory. Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic.

Kemper, S., & Kliegl, R. (1999). Constraints on Language: Aging, Grammar, and Memory, Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic.

Kemper, S., & Kemtes, K. (1999). The age‐invariance of working memory measures and non‐invariance of roducing Pcomplex syntax: A reply to Caplan and Waters. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 102‐103.

Kemtes, K. A., & Kemper, S. (1999). Aging and the resolution of quantifier scope effects. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 54, P350‐P360.

Kemper, S., & Harden, T. (1999). Experimentally disentangling what’s beneficial about elderspeak from what's not. Psychology and Aging, 14, 656‐670.

Vandeputte, D. D., Kemper, S., Hummert, M. L., Kemtes, K. A., Shaner, J., & Segrin, C. (1999). Social skills of older people: Conversations in Same and Mixed Aged Dyads. Discourse Processes, 27, 55‐76.

Kemper, S., & Kemtes, K. (1998). Aging and message production and comprehension. In N. Schwarz, D. Park, B. Knauper, & S. Sudman (Eds.), Cognition, Aging, and Self-Reports. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.

Kemper, S. (1998). Alzheimer’s Disease. In . (Ed.), McGraw-Hill 1998 Yearbook of Science and Technology (pp. 7 & 8).

Kemper, S., Othick, M., Gerhing, H., Gubarchuk, J., & Billington, C. (1998). The effects of practicing speech accommodations to older adults. Applied Psycholinguistics, 19, 175‐192.

Kemper, S., Ferrell, P., Harden, T., Finter‐Urczyk, A., & Billington, C. (1998). The use of elderspeak by young and older adults to impaired and normal older adults. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 5, 43‐55.

Kemper, S., Finter‐Urczyk, A., Ferrell, P., Harden, T., & Billington, C. (1998). Using elderspeak with older adults. Discourse Processes, 25, 55‐73.

Kemper, S. (1998). Notes on recent history. UNIversal, 1(2).

Kemper, S. (1998). [Review of Alzheimer's Discourse, by V. Ramanathan]. Applied Psycholinguistics, 19, 685-687.

Kemper, S., & Anagnopoulos, C. (1997). Linguistic creativity in older adults. In C. Adams‐Price (Ed.), Creativity and Aging: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives. New York: Springer Publishing.

Kemper, S., & Hummert, M. L. (1997). New directions in research on aging and message production. In J. O. Greene (Ed.), Message Production: Advances in Communication Theory (pp. 127-150). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.

Gubarchuk, I., & Kemper, S. (1997). Effects of aging on the production of Russian. Discourse Processes, 23, 63‐83.

Small, J. A., Lyons, K., & Kemper, S. (1997). Grammatical abilities in Parkinson’s disease. Neuropsychologia, 35, 1571‐1576.

Kemper, S. (1997). Metalinguistic judgments in normal aging and Alzheimer’s disease. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 52, P147‐P155.

Small, J. A., Kemper, S., & Lyons, K. (1997). Sentence comprehension in Alzheimer’s disease: Effects of grammatical complexity, speech rate, and repetition. Psychology and Aging, 12, 1‐11.

Kemtes, K. A., & Kemper, S. (1997). Younger and older adults on‐line processing of syntactic ambiguities. Psychology and Aging, 12, 362‐371.

Kemper, S., Othick, M., Warren, J., Gubarchuk, J., & Gerhing, H. (1996). Facilitating older adults’ performance on a referential communication task through speech accommodations. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 3, 37‐55.

Snowdon, D. A., Greiner, L. H., Wekstein, D. R., Danner, D., Markesbery, W. R., & Kemper, S. (1996). Linguistic ability in early life and cognitive function and Alzheimer’s disease in late life: Reply. Journal of the American Medical Association, 275, 1879.

Snowdon, D. A., Kemper, S., Mortimer, J. A., Greiner, L. H., Wekstein, D. R., & Markesbery, W. R. (1996). Linguistic ability in early life and cognitive function and Alzheimer’s disease in late life: Findings from the Nun Study. Journal of the American Medical Association, 275, 528‐532.

von Hecker, U., Crockett, W. H., Hummert, M. L., & Kemper, S. (1996). Social cliques as mental models. European Journal of Social Psychology, 26, 741‐749.

Kemper, S. (1996). [Review of Children’s Language, Vol. 8., by K. Nelson and Z. Réger (Eds.)]. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 15, 196-201.

Kemper, S. (1996). [Review of Natural Language Processing, by R. Allen]. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 15, 204-204.

Kemper, S. (1996). [Review of The Narrative Study of Lives, by R. Josselson & A. Liebich (Eds.)]. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 15, 201-204.

Kemper, S. (1996). [Review of Thinking out Loud, by C. Gauker]. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 15, 207-209.

Kemper, S. (1995). Language production. In G. Maddox (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Aging(2nd ed.). New York: Springer Publishing.

Kemper, S., Rice, K., & Chen, Y. (1995). Complexity metrics and growth curves for measuring grammatical development from five to ten. First Language, 15, 1‐10.

Kemper, S., Lyons, K., & Anagnopoulos, C. (1995). Joint story‐telling by Alzheimer's patients and their spouses. Discourse Processes, 20, 205‐217.

Kemper, S., Vandeputte, D., Rice, K., Cheung, H., & Gubarchuk, J. (1995). Speech adjustments to aging during a referential communication task. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 14, 40‐59.

Kemper, S., & Lyons, K. (1994). The effects of Alzheimer's disease on language and communication. In M. L. Hummert, J. Wiemann, & J. Nussbaum (Eds.), Interpersonal Communication and Older Adulthood: Interdisciplinary Research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Kemper, S. (1994). Elderspeak: Speech accommodations to older adults. Aging and Cognition, 1, 17‐28.

Kemper, S., Jackson, J. D., Cheung, H., & Anagnopoulos, C. A. (1994). Enhancing older adults' reading comprehension. Discourse Processes, 16, 405‐428.

Lyons, K., Kemper, S., LaBarge, E., Ferraro, F. R., Balota, D., & Storandt, M. (1994). Oral language and Alzheimer's disease: A reduction in syntactic complexity. Aging and Cognition, 2, 271‐294.

Cheung, H., & Kemper, S. (1994). Recall and articulation of English and Chinese words under memory preload. Language and Speech, 37, 147‐161.

Kemper, S., Anagnopoulos, C., Lyons, K., & Heberlein, W. (1994). Speech accommodations to dementia. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 49, P223‐229.

Kemper, S., & Anagnopoulos, C. (1993). Adults' use of discourse constraints on syntactic processing. In J. Cerella, R. Rybash, W. Hoyer, & M. Commons (Eds.), Adult Information Processing: Limits on Loss. New York: Academic.

Jackson, J. D., & Kemper, S. (1993). Age differences in summarizing descriptive and procedural texts. Experimental Aging Research, 19, 39‐51.

Kemper, S., LaBarge, E., Ferraro, R., Cheung, H. T., Cheung, H., & Storandt, M. (1993). On the preservation of syntax in Alzheimer's Disease: Evidence from Written Sentences. Archives of Neurology, 50, 81‐89.

Cheung, H., & Kemper, S. (1993). Recall and articulation of English and Chinese words by Chinese‐English bilinguals. Memory and Cognition, 21, 666‐670.

Kemper, S., Kynette, D., & Norman, S. (1992). Age differences in spoken language. In R. West & J. Sinnott (Eds.), Everyday Memory and Aging. New York: Springer‐Verlag.

Pye, C., Cheung, H., & Kemper, S. (1992). Islands at eighty. In H. Goodluck & M. Rochemont (Eds.), Island Constraints: Theory, Acquisition, and Processing. Dordrecht: Reidel.

Kemper, S. (1992). Language and aging. In M. Craik & T. A. Salthouse (Eds.), Handbook of Aging and Cognition. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.

Norman, S., Kemper, S., & Kynette, D. (1992). Adults' reading comprehension: Effects of syntactic complexity and working memory. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 47, P258‐265.

Kemper, S. (1992). Adults' sentence fragments: Who, what, when, where, and why. Communication Research, 19, 332‐346.

Cheung, H., & Kemper, S. (1992). Competing complexity metrics and adults' production of complex sentences. Applied Psycholinguistics, 13, 53‐76.

Kemper, S. (1992). Of triggers and catapults: The militarization of developmental linguistics. [Review of Theoretical Issues in Language Acquisition]. Contemporary Psychology, 37, 1157-1158.

Kemper, S. (1992). Recent cognitive aging research. Newsletter of the Alzheimer's Disease Center.

Kemper, S., Rash, S., Kynette, D., & Norman, S. (1991). Telling stories: The structure of adults' narratives. In P. Rabbitt & L. Backman (Eds.), Cognitive Gerontology. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.

Kemper, S. (1991). Language and Aging: Enhancing caregivers' effectiveness with 'elderspeak'. Experimental Aging Research, 17, 80.

Kemper, S. (1991). Language and aging: What is 'normal aging?'. Experimental Aging Research, 17, 99.

Norman, S., Kemper, S., Kynette, D., Cheung, H., & Anagnopoulos, C. (1991). Syntactic complexity and adults' running memory span. Journal of Gerontology, 46, P346‐351.

Kemper, S., & Anagnopoulos, C. (1990). Language and aging. In R. B. Kaplan (Ed.), Annual Review of Applied Linguistics (Vol. X). Los Angeles: American Language Institute.

Cheung, H., & Kemper, S. (1990). On complexity metrics. In Papers from the 1990 Mid-America Linguistics Conference. Lawrence, KS: Department of Linguistics.

Anagnopoulos, C., Kemper, S., Norman, S., & Cheung, H. (1990). Syntactic complexity and adults' listening comprehension. In Papers from the Mid-America Linguistics Conference. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Department of Linguistics.

Kemper, S. (1990). The Regression Hypothesis. In Papers from the 1990 Mid-America Linguistics Conference. Lawrence, KS: Department of Linguistics.

Kemper, S. (1990). Adults' diaries: Changes to written language across the life‐span. Discourse Processes, 13, 207‐224.

Kynette, D., Kemper, S., Norman, S., Cheung, H., & Anagnopoulos, C. (1990). Adults' word recall and word repetition. Experimental Aging Research, 16, 117‐121.

Hummert, M. L., Crockett, W. H., & Kemper, S. (1990). Processing mechanisms underlying the use of the balance schema. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 5‐21.

Kemper, S., Rash, S., Kynette, D., & Norman, S. (1990). Telling stories: The structure of adults' narratives. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 2, 205‐228.

Kemper, S. (1989). Factoring individual differences into the teachability of language. In M. L. Rice & R. L. Schiefelbusch (Eds.), Teachability of Language.

Kemper, S., Kynette, D., Rash, S., O'Brien, K., & Sprott, R. (1989). Life‐span changes to adults' language: Effects of memory and genre. Applied Psycholinguistics, 10, 49‐66.

Kemper, S. (1989). Priming the comprehension of metaphors. Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, 4, 1‐17.

Kemper, S. (1988). Geriatric psycholinguistics: Syntactic limitations of oral and written language. In L. Light & D. Burke (Eds.), Language, Memory, and Aging. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kemper, S. (1988). Inferential complexity and the readability of texts. In A. Davison & G. Green (Eds.), Critical Approaches to Readability. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.

Kemper, S., & Rash, S. J. (1988). Speech and writing across the life‐span. In M. Gruneberg, P. Morris, & R. Sykes (Eds.), Practical Aspects of Memory II. London: John Wiley.

Kemper, S., Rash, S. J., Kynette, D., & Sprott, R. (1988). Individual differences and genre differences in adults' language. In Papers from the 1987 Mid-American Linguistics Conference. Lawrence, KS: Department of Linguistics.

Kemper, S. (1988). Thinking about thinking in old age. Kansas Alumni Magazine.

Kemper, S. (1987). Constraints on psychological processes in discourse production. In H. W. Dechert & M. Raupach (Eds.), Discourse Production. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Kemper, S. (1987). Life‐span changes in syntactic complexity. Journal of Gerontology, 42, 232‐238.

Kemper, S. (1987). Syntactic complexity and the recall of prose by middle‐aged and elderly adults. Experimental Aging Research, 13, 47‐52.

Hoffman, R., & Kemper, S. (1987). What could reaction time studies be telling us about metaphors? Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, 2, 14-186.

Kynette, D., & Kemper, S. (1986). Aging and the loss of grammatical forms. Language and Communication, 6, 65‐72.

Kemper, S., & Edwards, L. (1986). Children's expression of causality and their construction of narratives. Topics in Language Disorders, 7, 11‐20.

Friedrich, F. J., Martin, R., & Kemper, S. (1986). Consequences of a phonological coding deficit for sentence processing. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 1, 385‐412.

Kemper, S. (1986). Imitation of complex grammatical constructions by elderly adults. Applied Psycholinguistics, 7, 277‐287.

Kemper, S. (1986). Inferential processing and the comprehension of idioms. Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, 1, 43‐56.

Kemper, S. (1986). All the world's a stage. [Review of I. Bretherton (Ed.), Symbolic Play]. Contemporary Psychology, 31, 379-380.

Kemper, S., Otalvaro, N., Estill, R., & Schadler, M. (1985). Questions of facts and inferences. In A. C. Graesser & J. B. Black (Eds.), The Psychology of Questions. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.

Kemper, S. (1984). The development of narrative skills: Explanations and entertainments. In S. A. Kuczaj (Ed.), Discourse Development. New York: Academic Press.

Rice, M., & Kemper, S. (1984). Child Language and Cognition, Baltimore, MD: University Park Press.

Gardner, G., Schadler, M., & Kemper, S. (1984). Classification strategies used by mandated reporters in judging incidents of child abuse. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 12, 179‐183.

Kemper, S. (1984). When to speak like a lady. Sex Roles, 10, 435‐443.

Kemper, S. (1983). Measuring the inference load of a text. Journal of Educational Psychology, 75, 391‐401.

Kemper, S. (1982). Filling in the missing links. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 21, 99‐107.

Estill, R. B., & Kemper, S. (1982). Interpreting idioms. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 11, 559‐581.

Kemper, S., & Thissen, D. (1981). Dimensions of requests. In Papers for the 1980 Mid‐America Linguistics Conference. Lawrence, KS: Department of Linguistics.

Kemper, S. (1981). Comprehension and the interpretation of proverbs. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 10, 179‐198.

Kemper, S., & Thissen, D. (1981). How polite? A reply to Clark and Schunk. Cognition, 9, 305‐309.

Kemper, S., & Thissen, D. (1981). Memory for the dimensions of requests. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 20, 552‐563.

Kemper, S. (1980). Memory for the form and force of declaratives and interrogatives. Memory and Cognition, 8, 367‐371.

Kemper, S., & Catlin, J. (1979). On the role of semantic constraints in sentence comprehension. Language and Speech, 22, 253‐267.

Kemper, S., Catlin, J., & Bowers, J. S. (1977). On the surface structure of infinitive‐complement sentences. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 6, 1‐19.


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